Last Updated on October 8, 2022 by Real Men Sow
Purple bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) resemble the traditional red or green varieties, except for their vivid purple color. While they require the same care as other peppers, harvesting them at just the right time will ensure that their purple color remains. There are two varieties of purple peppers: “Lilac” and “Purple Belle”
“Window of Harvest” for Purple Bell Peppers
Bell pepper varieties take approximately the same time to grow from seedling to fruit-producing stage. The first mature peppers are usually ready to harvest after 110 to 150 days of germination. However, transplanting peppers from nursery-grown seedlings may reduce this time by 70 days.
For optimal maturation, purple peppers need six to eight hours of sunlight daily and temperatures of 65–75°F. Warmer or cooler weather can delay maturation and slow down development.
Color Changes of Purple Bell Peppers
Most purple pepper varieties are not mature purple. Like most bell peppers, purple peppers undergo several colors before reaching a mature red-orange hue. Some varieties might develop a deeper purple-black color as they reach full maturity.
The purple phase is the earliest stage of maturity at which peppers are ready for harvest. Purple bell peppers generally become sweeter as they reach the “red-mature” stage. However, the purple phase is usually more flavorful and adds an interesting color to dishes.
Many of us eat purple peppers at any stage of their growth. However, it is best to harvest them once they reach the full size required for that variety. The harvest should be in before any yellow, red, or orange spots appear. These usually occur near the stem end. The purple pepper’s mature red color changes quickly, and it loses much of its purple color, which makes it stand out.
The pepper plants produce new fruits all through the summer. The purple immature stage of pepper plants is the best time to harvest them. It will encourage more flowering and fruit sets.
The best way to harvest the pepper is to remove it from its stem by using a knife or shears to prevent damage during harvest. Pulling on the stem could cause damage to the plant’s limbs and even uproot it. Harvest the peppers as soon as they reach maturity. It will ensure that they retain their purple color.