Acacia baileyana: Growing and Caring Guide

Last Updated on April 15, 2024 by Real Men Sow

The Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra Wattle) tree is compact and graceful. Its evergreen canopy and brightly colored flowers will brighten up any corner of your garden. Their elegant appearance and vibrant shades are even more evident in Mediterranean gardens than in walled ones. They are charming despite their small stature. They can be viewed as either shrubs or trees, but they are the perfect backdrop for other flashy and showy perennials.

Trees are beautiful because they are easy to plant, can withstand harsh conditions, and become an integral part of the landscape. The bailey acacia is no exception. Continue reading to learn more about these wonderful candidates for garden settings and designs that you are currently considering.

How to Grow Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra Wattle)

It is often difficult to plant trees that are known for their durability from seeds. The seeds of the bailey-acacia tree are slow to germinate and take a while to sprout. It makes sense to buy small trees or saplings that are only a few months old from your local nursery. This is how to plant a sapling in your garden.

  1. Choose a spot in the garden that receives full sun or partial shade. Avoid areas that are darkened or shaded by a permanent structure, or large trees that block the sun.
  2. Dig a hole in your soil three times as wide as the container that the young tree was in. Use a pitchfork or a hoe to make incisions along the sides of your hole.
  3. Place the tree on its side, and then gently lift the container. You can take a closer look at the soil and roots, but don’t remove too much of the soil clump. Spread the roots as much as possible.
  4. Place the tree in the middle and ensure that the roots are evenly distributed throughout the hole.
  5. Place soil in the hole and turn the tree so that the healthier side faces outward. Use the hoe to pack the soil and your feet to push any air pockets out. Keep the tree upright.
  6. To conserve water and direct moisture to the roots, create a raised border around the tree.
  7. Water the tree until the water reaches the edge

General Care Guide for Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra Wattle)

The time it takes to plant the young bailey, or sapling, acacia tree is cut in half. You don’t have to worry as long as the light, water, and fertilizer are under control. Pruning a fast-growing tree can be a simple and easy task.


The Cootamundra wattle is dependent on light, as we have already mentioned. The tree is exposed to the sun in its original habitat, Australia. This is the most important factor to consider when choosing where to plant your tree. Choose a location that receives 6-8 hours of sunlight each day. The tree will live for 50 years, so plan for the future. Do not plant large trees or make structures that will keep the tree-shaded. This can also impact the tree’s bright green foliage, and showy flowers. The tree’s growth rate is also affected by light deprivation.


The soil that the Cootamundra wattle tree prefers is loamy and well-drained. This is something most plants in your garden share. Even trees with strong root systems prefer loose soil to heavy and compacted soil. Before you plant a young tree, make sure to test the soil’s texture and tilth. This soil is considered heavy if it contains more clay or silt than sand. To loosen the soil, add perlite or coarse sand and make it clump-free. The pH level should be neutral to slightly acidic. This tree can tolerate pH levels between 6.0 and 6.5.


You should water your Cootamundra wattle trees deeply and give them time to dry between waterings. Root rot can be caused by frequent watering. This is because the soil becomes constantly moist and can cause permanent damage to the roots. Allow the soil to dry completely for 3-4 inches before watering the tree. Your watering schedule will depend on the weather and type of soil. The soil can dry quickly in summer, so it might be necessary to water your tree only once per week. You will reduce the frequency of watering the tree to once every two to three weeks as the temperature drops.


Make sure to test the soil’s chemical structure before you apply fertilizer. This will allow you to determine what nutrients are missing and give them to your tree each year. This is usually more effective than using fertilizer, which can burn the roots or stop the tree from flowering. A 20-20-20 fertilizer can be added to soil if there is a high level of nitrogen. This could result in unusual growth and fewer blossoms. The fertilizer or organic compost should be applied once a year, in the spring.


The Cootamundra wattle tree’s round canopy rests on top of a tall trunk. This is one of its best attributes. Although this is a natural phenomenon, there are some factors that can cause abnormal growth patterns and even leaning trees. This could be due to poor soil conditions, air pollution, inadequate sunlight, low air circulation, or poor air quality. You’ll need to use your trusted pruning shears to trim the tree, fix any stray branches, remove damaged or dead branches, and ensure that the inner canopy receives as much sunlight as possible. After the pods are ripe, the best time to prune the tree. To encourage new growth next spring, cut off about one-third the tree.

Pests and Plant Diseases of Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra Wattle)

The tolerance of the Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra Wattle) tree to drought, heat and other soil types is high, but it is not able to withstand tiny pests like scale and spider mites. Both feed on the sap and make tiny holes in the leaf. These pests can cause the leaves to turn yellow or fall. You can spray the branches with water using a garden hose. To prevent spider mites from finding shelter among the leaves, ensure that there is enough air circulation.

Leaf spot infections can be caused by bacteria and fungi. The disease causes tiny black or brown spots on the leaves. It can cause the tree’s leaves to fall by half or more as it spreads. This disease is often caused by insects and poor ventilation. The infected leaves must be removed. You can remove infected branches using a cordless, pole saw. To reduce humidity, don’t water the soil. Next, rake up any fallen leaves and remove any debris that could attract pests to your tree.

Real Men Sow
Real Men Sow

Hello, I’m Pete and I’m currently based in the west of Scotland, in a small place called Rosneath, where I’m exploring my garden adventures. I personally started gardening around 6 years ago and initially, I started out by growing my favorite fruits and berries, such as strawberries, Raspberries & Gooseberries. Since then I’ve added a lot of vegetables and working closely with my neighbor, it’s been a lot of fun.